Some new faces came to see us, but one of those faces had his own bunk here when his father was Captain.
Andy, and his lovely wife Amanda, came to see Andy’s old stomping ground when he was a little younger.
He sailed with his dad and had his own bunk- which he reclaimed!
The Bridge hasn’t changed much- probably cleaner now.
A jolly good day was had- and Andy had some great stories to tell us.
Another Andrew brought along David, who spent his working life at sea and was delighted to visit the Explorer.
Our regular friend, Ben MacPherson, brought his brother-in-law, David to the vessel. Another happy chappie after his tour.
And finally- the banners for Saturday’s visit of the Leith Model Boat club were rolled out.
Continuing my adventures in the lookshoory superyacht Síbín, I find myself in Kingston upon Hull, or ‘ull as the locals say. ‘ull is home to the Arctic Corsair, a motor trawler built in 1960 in Beverley. She is now a visitor attraction on the River ‘ull, and she is about to receive a massive cash injection.
This is the sort of commitment we need for Explorer and for Leith.
I took the tour and thought I would share some pics with you. She is moored on the River ‘ull which is not currently dredged as it used to be and she dries out on mud as the tide ebbs.
As you can see from this photograph…..
Being owned by the council, the beaurocrats don’t allow access to the bowels of the machinery space which is a travesty for those who want to see those things, like me!
So, that’s the Arctic Corsair. If our Yorkshire compatriots can attract a £27 million investment, we need to up our game in Leith.
Derek has completed the saloon skylight- No more rain ingress. Yes!
-And some more painting of the alleyway was done. No lights for a photo as the generator stopped working- but here is the evidence m’lud.
A cupboard was cleaned and set up by Jean- and is now open and ready for business!
A thing of beauty…………
Yesterday I visited the above attractions in Grimsby. These provide a bit of a template to a possible future for the SS Explorer.
The Ross Tiger has been opened up internally to allow visitors a reasonably easy tour although she is not suitable for people of reduced mobility.
The heritage centre is very well thought out and gives a great insight into life in the fishing industry in bygone days.
The cook. Always bad tempered apparently.
Feeding the boiler in a hot stokehold.
And clearing ice in the freezing arctic. Ships have been lost due to becoming unstable under the weight of ice.
This little beaut was on display and the Explorer’s binnacle is missing. Unfortunately, it wouldn’t fit in my pocket.
After our enjoyable vist from the Forth Ports Management Team,
our Chairman, Andy, attends the naming ceremony of the Forth Ports Tug (The Craigleith) and pilot vessel (The Forth Puma).
Having worked up a hearty appetite after much painting- lunch was served in the officers saloon.
A very smart workshop- love that bench! Mr Chippendale would be proud.
As you can see, if all else fails hit it with a hammer.
SS Explorer Preservation Society – Annual General Meeting
7 July 2018
Since my last update, given at last year’s AGM, many things of note have happened:
One of our most important tasks is building the organisation in order that we can be seen as credible in the eyes of potential funders and we have been busy on this side of the project. We’ve been developing relationships with other ‘heritage’ groups, especially in Leith, and the Society is now seen as an important part in the development of The Leith Trust’s and The Leith Civic Trust’s vision for the future of Leith.
We have recruited supporters in the political and civic community and we now have the patronage of The Lord Provost’s Office and John Dunn MBE (John was Chief Scientist on Explorer). We have invited and won the support of Ben Macpherson MSP, Deidre Brock MP, Cllr Gordon Munro and Adam McVey, Leader of Edinburgh Council. The support of these good folks is essential to the future of the Explorer.
We have been building a portfolio of evidence for our potential funders and the latest document we have commissioned is a ‘stabilisation plan’ from the highly regarded Wessex Archaeology. This ought to be ready shortly and will be viewed as a high quality document emanating from a respected group of professionals in the field of maritime archaeology.
Bill Macpherson has come on-board over the past 8 months and has made a huge difference to how we present ourselves. He has produced a new leaflet and a 10 page prospectus which puts our story out there in an exciting and imaginative way. Our intention is to use the prospectus to generate and invite interest in the Explorer for potential funders and supporters. Bill has designed a new badge that is available now. Bill also put us in touch with Circamedia who have made a video with John Dunn, Jimmy Yorkston and Alisdair Munro, all of whom sailed on the Explorer. Many thanks to them. We will be showing an excerpt from this video following our formal business today. Many thanks to Bill for his tireless enthusiasm.
The website is a super showcase and window for the Explorer. Colin keeps on updating this and our Facebook page. The importance of the website and our presence on the other social media platforms cannot be underestimated and one of our aims over the coming months is to develop our Society by exploiting the potential of this form of communication. Many thanks to Colin for the hours he has put into this essential set of tools.
On-board we have been concentrating on making the ship wind and watertight. We had a serious leak of rainwater from the boat deck into the crew mess for some time and patching over the years was really coming to naught. The reality is that new plating requires to be welded onto the boat deck and this is a major job! Solution for the moment – and this seems to have worked to a great extent – is cement boxes and scrounging sand and cement from a local supplier. Jim and I made up some shuttering and built it around the base of one of the ventilation intakes and over some badly corroded plating over the crew mess; we then filled the cement boxes with – guess what?– and hey-presto an almost dry crew mess. This was really important as Charlie had newly completed ripping out the rotten bench caused by water damage and rebuilding it.
Another major part of the work on-board has been decluttering and cleaning the ship. It would seem that over the years we had acquired all sorts of bits and pieces – old carpets, children’s models left over from the 2001 Science Festival, old tools, bits of scrap wood and just plain junk. It was felt that if we were to present the ship up to any standard at all we had to clear this stuff out. Over the past two or three months Jim, Jean and Maggie have taken this task to heart and have made a real difference: still work to be done but a super start made. Many thanks to this team.
We had for a long time wanted to bring the officers and scientists saloon up to a higher standard but were reluctant to invest in it due to water ingress through the deck lights on the port passage and fish deck. Over the second half of the year Charlie really took the bit between the teeth and along with Duncan replaced the rotting wooden framing with good wood and resealed them with pitch. This stopped the leaks which then allowed us to lay a new carpet – and what a difference! Jim replaced a wrecked wall board and replaced broken and missing mouldings and repaired the hearth. We now have a saloon area to be really proud of and which puts a wow factor on the faces of visitors. When Jim puts on one of his spreads the whole saloon looks fabulous. Well done all!
Another step on the way is that Phil-the-Phone, an ex BT engineer, has been overhauling the ship’s phone system. He’s been systematically removing each phone and taking it home and refurbishing it. We’ve now got to a situation where there is communication over the system: nearly there. Great stuff Phil – keep up the good work.
Phil Harley has been squirrelling away down in Leicester researching the ship’s radio and instrumentation, getting in touch with Marconi museums, looking for suitable donations for Explorer, writing letters and articles for the Grimsby newspapers and generally stirring up real interest in the ship way down south. Phil comes up to Edinburgh to visit his son regularly and is a great font of knowledge and information. Thanks for all this work Phil.
A number of us have seen a need to create a workshop on-board. We’ve identified one of the fish holds and we have cleaned and scaled rust and paint in preparation for the installation of a decent work bench and machine tools. It looks quite professional now.
Jim Duff has also taken on the task of organising polo-shirts with the Explorer logo embroidered on them. These are available now and we have some here today. We are happy to take orders in your preferred size.
Alongside working on-board we are planning trips to other maritime/heritage organisations in the same way as we visited the Scottish Maritime Museum in Irvine, The Glenlee, the Anstruther Fishing Museum and The Scotia in Aberdeen last year. If anyone has a suggestion of where we might visit in the future please let us know and we’ll do our best to organise it as a group.
While the current directors have lots of energy and enthusiasm, we are aware that there are significant gaps in our expertise. We need people who can help us organise ourselves as a charity to become an enterprise capable of managing a budget upwards of £3.5m to get the ship up to exhibition standard.
When I visited The Leith Rotary I met with John Teasdale who has considerable experience with charity work and asked him to address the Board of Directors regarding governance of the SSEPS. When John addressed the Board it was obvious to those present that we needed someone of his calibre working with us. John was invited to join the Board and graciously accepted. Since his appointment John has been invaluable through his guidance and deep understanding of how charities like ours require to manage themselves. John’s previous experience has been as a personnel manager with a large bank; he has been involved with the Scouting movement for years and is currently a director of The Gorgie City Farm.
The other significant change at Board level is that Brian Murdoch has had to resign his position for health reasons. Brian was one of the enthusiastic directors responsible for the reinvigoration of the Society over the past two years and we have gained greatly from his intellect and insights as to how we needed to take the Explorer project forward. Brian decided to resign his directorship at Easter, but he still has a deep interest in the project and when able has continued to visit the ship. Brian, we wish you well and very many thanks for your invaluable guidance.
The Board has been conducting monthly meetings regarding moving the project forward and can report that a relatively new member, Richard Morrison has been instrumental in producing a new Outline Business Plan that was ratified at the Board meeting earlier this week. We will now follow through with the important tasks of carrying out what we have agreed and we will be reporting progress in our quarterly newsletter. Many thanks Richard, your work has been invaluable.
Speaking of the quarterly newsletter, I’m sure you will have noticed that this has been re-launched and is now being produced by Maggie Rordan, who does a similar job for her allotment society, so watch out for some friendly gardening tips if we are ever short of material. Thanks to Maggie, and Ernie, for their hard work.
One of the main thrusts since the last newsletter has been to continue to build support and credibility for the Explorer project and to do this we have been engaging with the civic and political community.
During the spring we had a meeting with Sir Andrew Cubie to discuss how we might take forward our relationship with Forth Ports. We had a very informative meeting regarding that; but of more immediate value was that Sir Andrew has agreed to become a patron of the SS Explorer which means that he will promote the ship whenever an opportunity presents itself. Thank you Sir Andrew.
Over the past few months at various meetings and events we have attended we have taken the opportunity to discuss the Explorer with our Local councillors. This has led to us gaining support from Gordon Munro (Labour) and Chas Booth (Scottish Greens). This means that along with Adam McVey (SNP) we have managed to win the support of all of the Leith Councillors and in future flyers and publications their support will be recognised.
Once again we have made an appearance at the ‘Ship Ahoy’ exhibition. This year it was held onboard the tall ship the Glenlee, in Glasgow. We took our stand along to this show and made relationships with other maritime heritage groups and raised the profile of the Explorer. Interestingly, the initial Glenlee exhibition was created by Bill Macpherson’s company, MDW Design, so if the Glenlee is anything to go by then the Explorer has a bright future ahead of it. Bill has produced our ‘prospectus’ and designed our current handout leaflets and membership forms.
We have also taken our stand to Leith Custom House, Leith Market and Leith Gala – this is one of the most important ways in which we raise the profile of the Explorer, so many thanks to all who have given up their time to run the stall.
The SSEPS’s main aim is to preserve and promote the Explorer but the group is more than that. The ship is a place to meet people and to make friends and over the past few months some of us have been making visits to other heritage groups.
On a cold spring day a number of us visited the Myreton Motor Museum where we enjoyed their exhibition and gleaned valuable information from their curator. This is just a small museum but worth visiting and the group who made the trip really enjoyed the outing.
Thankfully the weather had improved by the day in early summer when a group visited the Maid of the Loch on Loch Lomond. We had a fascinating tour of the ship and a talk by one of the directors. We were told how they
had taken their project from an almost derelict steam ship to a position
where they are a successful tourist attraction and gaining funding to put the ship back into steam.
What I took from the visit was that SSEPS is going about things in the right way – it’s just that we are at an earlier stage in the process. We’re on the right track and we’ll catch up with them !
We have continued to be pro-active in attracting visitors to the ship.
We have had visits from the Sea Cadets, Newhaven Community Council, Leith’s Men’s Shed, various individuals, and recently a group of designers from London and Paris researching ‘real life’ in Leith. Without exception
they were delighted by their visit and by the welcome they have been shown. When Jim puts on one of his spreads in the saloon they know they have been given a rare treat!
The most recent visit was on Saturday 16 June when we welcomed a group of seafarers from St Combs near Fraserburgh. They were thoroughly enthusiastic about their visit; so much so, that they all took out membership. We hope to see them aboard again.
These visits are essential to the survival of the Explorer and our welcoming atmosphere ensures our visitors spread the word. Thanks to all who have given their time and enthusiasm.
New data regulations
You will have heard of the new regulations relating to the General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR) and, no doubt, will be tired of being bombarded by organisations advising you to ‘re-sign’ to continue to receive information from them. We would advise that the SS Explorer Preservation Society fully complies with the updated regulations and you do not have to take any action regarding this unless you wish to unsubscribe from our database of members who have expressed an interest in receiving occasional updates on the progress of our project. You may unsubscribe at any time by either clicking on the ‘Unsubscribe’ button at the foot of this newsletter or by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org at any time and your request will be actioned as soon as possible.
I’m delighted to report that our membership has increased over the last year and we now have 105 members on our books. All of our members’ old and new, provide the funds we need to keep the SS Explorer ticking over while we lobby for funding to realise our long-term goal. Those members who’s subscriptions are now due will be contacted shortly about renewals, which we very much hope you will wish to do. I’d also like to mention that we can claim Gift Aid on any donations we receive from UK Taxpayers, so if you wish to make a donation in addition to your annual subscription, please let us know if you wish us to claim gift aid, at no additional cost to you.
On the subject of donations, it isn’t unusual for people to remember their favourite charity in their Will, you may wish to consider this action at some time in the future.
SS Explorer Preservation Society – Annual General Meeting
Saturday 7 July 2018 at 12 midday for a start at 12.15
Leith Docker’s Club, 17 Academy Street, Leith, Edinburgh, EH6 7EE
1. Welcome & Introductions
2. Apologies for absence
3. Minutes of previous AGM
4. Matters Arising
5. Chairman’s Report – Andy Marjoribanks
6. Treasurer’s Report & Adoption of Accounts
7. Appointment of independent examiner/auditor
8. Election of Directors/Trustees
9. Ratification of Outline Business Plan
10. Ratification of an amendment to the Articles of Association
11. Meeting close followed by a visit to SS Explorer (for those interested)
Today, we are delighted to welcome on board our newest volunteers, Halina Pasiecznik and Steve Ball. Welcome to the view from your window Halina and Steve.
I have been asked to publicise some events by the above organisation.
Friends of The Maritime Heritage Trust
30 June 2018 – Richmond
Historic and ceremonial river craft and gentlemen’s yachts. The day will include behind the scenes visits and traditional boat trips on the Thames.
Further details – meet at Richmond Bridge Boathouse (just below Richmond Bridge at 10:00 for a boatyard tour and a visit to the historic motor yacht Lilian, built by C G Pettersson, Stockholm, Sweden in 1969 and substantially restored to sea-going use by her current owners, Scott and Hilary Pereira.
Richmond Bridge Boathouses include the yard of Mark Edwards MBE, builder of HM The Queens Rowbarge Gloriana, who will give a talk on her construction. It is intended to include options for short trips in one or more traditional Thames boats, including a wherry and a Dunkirk Little Ship (tbc). These are optional and an additional charge may be made. Lunch will be provided at 3 Duck’s Walk.
It is anticipated the walk (approx. 2 miles of easy terrain but with some climbing up and down ladders/stairways to access vessels) and visits will end at 16:00.
Cost for the day is £25 and includes lunch and membership of the Friends of The Maritime Heritage Trust.
23/24 September 2018 – HMS Trincomalee and Guided Tour, Hartlepool
Friends visit with guided maritime history tour, records and exhibits of local shipbuilding and preserved vessels including paddle steamer Wingfield Castle.
Further details – set alongside an authentically created historic quayside of the 1800s, HMS Trincomalee, Europes oldest warship still afloat, was built in Bombay, India in 1817. Trincomalee was one of the last of Nelson’s powerful frigates and is now part of the National Museum of the Royal Navy. Our visit will include a guided tour including the story of her conservation – masts, rigging and 46 guns, the fine Captain’s quarters and the rope-making store below deck. Additionally the Fighting Ships experience provides the everyday drama of life on board HMS Prosperity around the year 1800, a powerful insight into the tough lives of sailors from the time of Trafalgar.
Adjoining Trincomalee is the Hartlepool Museum, the home of major collections on the maritime history of the north east, as well as the history of Hartlepool. This includes steam engines, ship models, local boats and the story of the Hartlepool monkey. Outside the museum is moored the PSS Wingfield Csatle, a restored former Humber paddle steamer, which features a restaurant.
Meet Sunday 23 September at 14:00 at Main Entrance, National Museum of the Royal Navy, Hartlepool for tour of HMS Trincomalee and adjoining exhibits. Museum closes at 17:00.
Meet Monday 24 September at 10:00 at entrance to Hartlepool Museum for visit to archive on north east shipbuilding followed by lunch at the Museum.
Cost £20 – includes tour and admission to all displays on both days, but not meals or accommodation. Friends of the National Museum of the Royal Navy: admission free.
6 October 2018 – Trinity Buoy Wharf – London’s newest maritime heritage centre
Behind the scenes guided visit to the former Trinity House depot and research station on the Thames at Leamouth, now home to an arts and business community and a growing collection of historic vessels, including Thames tugs. Hear an update on plans for the display of HMS Robin, a steam vessel of international importance built in 1890 at nearby Bow Creek, and see London’s newest pier, the, just built, 600 tonne base for the Thames Clipper Fleet at Trinity Buoy Wharf. For further information on Trinity Buoy Wharf go to: www.trinitybuoywharf.com
Forth Ports hosted an open day at the docks today taking visitors on a tour of the port in vintage buses. Never one to miss an opportunity, our chairman Andy organised for the buses to stop at the SS Explorer while he boarded and gave a short talk and passed out publicity material. A guestemated six tours stopped for the talk and we hope we may harvest some new members.
We also had a visit from five gents who made the journey from Saint Combs near Fraserburgh. to visit us. They were treated to a tour of the ship and tea and sandwiches, both of which were very well received. We are delighted to report that four of them joined the society increasing our credibility and our meagre coffers.
When Explorer was under construction in Halls shipyard in 1955, another vessel was under construction in Hall Russel at the same time. This ship was to be the Sir William Hardy, a fishery research vessel commissioned by the the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. Unlike Explorer, she was a diesel electric vessel and suffered teething problems with that technology in her early days.
In 1977 Sir William Hardy was purchased by Greenpeace UK and after a refit she was christened Rainbow Warrior.
In 1985 the Rainbow Warrior made passage to New Zeland to lead a flotilla of boats protesting against French nuclear testing at Mururoa Atoll. On the 10th July 1985 while Rainbow Warrior was moored in Aukland, French intelligence agents attached two explosive devices to her hull. The first device exploded causing the crew to evacuate the ship. Unfortunately the photographer Fernando Pereira returned to the ship to rescue his equipment when a second larger explosion sank the ship and killed Fernando.
…on the Explorer.
We were visited by five people from Epoch Design (.co.uk) who were given a partial tour (due to their time constraints) and tea and bikkys.
Mean while, in the fishroom, work continues to make a workshop space by the building of a workbench by our highly skilled craftsmen.
A wee lick of paint and anyone would think it was a Chippendale.
(The above caption could also refer to the second photo)
Work continues on making the fishroom into a workshop with the installation of power and lighting, and the purchase of a £50 air compressor from Lidl.
Today, Andy, Jim and Phil manned our stall at Leith market.
Meanwhile, back at the ranch, Colin, Emma and our newest member Alexander “Chen” Chenery got on with painting the fishroom. Top coat of the white pretty much complete. Green anti-slip deck painting to do. Duncan in the meantime continued repairs to the lavvy ashore pipework.
Today the society set out its stall at the Ship Ahoy event on board the tall ship Glenlee in Glasgow. Various exhibitors partook including model makers, Skylark IX, Falls of Clyde, Caledonian MacBrayne to name a few. Jim Charlie and I fielded a lot of enquiries. Time will tell if we get any new members or multi million quid donations. Here’s a few photos.
Today George Slesser took a trip down memory lane visiting the Explorer. George served on Explorer as a scientist and he is pictured here in the lab and in the cabin he occupied.
Charlie Blyth and Colin Williamson finished undercoating the fishroom today while Duncan topped up the daily use tank and manufactured a wheelkey.
Tonight Jim Duff and I went along to the Granton Hub where a talk was being given on William Speirs Bruce. A jolly good talk about a Scottish explorer of whom few people have heard. We took our publicity display and received a lot of interest with a dozen people signed up to visit the ship over the next couple of weeks.
A piece of stationery was discovered today hiding in a telephone and being used as insulation. A bit of Leith history.
Menzies and Co. was a very old Shipbuilding business in Leith which was bought by Henry Robb Ltd. in 1963.
In other news, Jim and Duncan fitted a new tarpaulin over the funnel to keep the pigeons and elements out. (The Beast shredded the last one). And Colin and Charlie finished priming the fishroom.
Duncan and Jim working on making the monkey island waterproof. In the meantime I serviced the AC generator engine. After that worked on getting some undercoat on the fishroom.
We have long been aware that the money island leaks. It is an aluminium deck partially clad with wooden decking. The wood is rotten in places and corrosion in the aluminium is allowing water in.
After the recent heavy snow followed by the diluvian downpour on Saturday, the ingress of water was seen to be more serious than in the past and it is damaging the internal fabric of the ship.
So we made a plan, in fact several, plans A, B, C and D. I won’t bore you with the early marks, but the current plan is as follows.
Part one is, as far as possible, to protect the monkey island deck with tarpaulins until such time as the weather and available volunteer labour allow us to proceed to part two.
So today we removed as far as possible various swan necks and corroded steel girders added to the ship’s radar mast well into her career to minimise the danger of damage to our rather thin tarps.
After that we got on with attaching the first two of three tarpaulins. With a surfeit of chiefs and no indians, five grumpy old men did in three hours what would have taken a competent carpet fitter, or better still sailmaker an hour to do on his own.
The end result, if nothing else is something Tracy Emin would probably be proud of.
Part two of the plan is to remove the wooden deck, when probably in the spring/summer in order to survey the aluminium deck. We then plan to clean the deck of paint and other debris. Stabilise the deck along these lines. (guidance only)
After this we will either patch areas which require patching, or possibly plate over the entire deck.
This of course is a fairly large project requiring much labour and funding. (£2500 or much more)
If you want to volunteer and are within travelling distance of Leith email email@example.com
If you are willing to donate any amount, large, huge or gigantic. (If we over run our target 😂 we have many other money drains on the SS Explorer).
We are delighted and honoured to announce that Sir Andrew Cubie CBE has agreed to become a Patron of the SS Explorer Preservation Society. The list of Andrew’s past achievements and positions is too long to list here so I will ask the Scottish Cancer Foundation to help out.
Welcome aboard Andrew.
The original radar equipment as fitted to the Explorer when new is long gone having been updated probably more than once during her long career. Phil Harley has done some research for us and he believes that the Marconi Mk IV equipment shown was the original fit.
In a trawler as opposed to a research vessel the fishroom would take up much of the fore part of the ship and would be filled with ice and hopefully with fish at the end of a voyage. Explorer has two fishrooms, the port one is accessible only from the deck and is equipped with cooling coils. The starboard fishroom is a reasonable space which had become a repository for all sorts of junk. We decided that as the ship lacks decent workshop and storage space this would be a good use for the fishroom.
To this end the junk has been removed and a quite a few hours spent with needle guns removing rust and old paint. Here you can see two of our highly skilled technicians at work.
The space is close to being ready for a good coat of primer prior to final painting.
Andy and I needle gunning rust and paint from the fish room. It is intended that this space will become a workshop and storeroom. PPE or what?
Some photos by Andy of me disappearing down a hole to take some photos.
Aye going yet.
Are we there yet?
Just round the next corner.
The Explorer was powered by steam , because her operational requirements were more easily met by the use of steam. Yes diesel electric and straight diesel were around when she was being built, but neither could compete when it came to noise and vibration. A research vessel then as now has to be as quiet as possible, and the diesel engines which were around at the time of her planning and building were quite noisy and had vibration problems as well , both of which were considered difficult to solve at that time. There was even a proposal that the generating sets should be steam as well, but difficulty in sourcing suitably heavy duty sets meant that reluctantly they fitted diesel sets.
In hindsight this was a fortuitous decision as no one in 1955 could have foreseen the massive demand for electricity for scientific use , which arose over the life of the vessel. This is something which is considered at the design stage of new research vessels now, calculate the demand then at least double it, preferably quadruple it.
It should be noted that Scotia three which succeeded Explorer had a raft on which her three British Polar vee engines were mounted. The theory was that the vibration from the engines would not be passed on to the ship . The sister ship to the Scotia also had this arrangement with three Allen in line engines and an acoustic hood for good measure as well to cut down on radiated noise.
The Scotia’s raft was initially an unmitigated disaster in that the inherent vibration produced by these vee engines caused significant and destructive vibration right through out the ship , resulting in the vessel being tied up for over a year while various engineering boffins searched for a solution. They eventually came up with tuned vibration sources which were bolted to the corners of the raft . These would be tuned to an equal and opposing vibration to that produced by the British Polars, and bingo this worked. However if it ever did go out of tune, the vibration was so severe that it broke whip aerials, damaged sensitive scientific equipment , and sheared deck lights off at the bulkheads.
So , the Sir William Hardy launched just before the Explorer was also a bit of an engineering disaster, the theory was that the small medium speed diesel generating sets could be easily removed from the ship and serviced ashore at Torry Research Lab. However in practice this proved to be way more complicated and troublesome than was initially envisaged, and was abandoned. The engine room also had ventilation problems when the ship was working hard and the soaring heat led to all sorts of mechanical and other problems which meant that the ship spent quite long periods of time in port. When she was launched she has D.S.I.R. on her funnel which stood for Department of Science, Innovation and Research , however most of the locals in Torry and around the hahrbour thought it meant “Don’t sail if raining”.
Therefore the choice of steam as the main propulsion system , given her stop start work a day existence and the requirements for smooth , quiet, flexible power was the right choice in 1955. Explorer gave excellent service over her long career while other ships of her age who had been fitted with either straight diesel or diesel electric all had significant engineering problems, which shortened their operational lives.
It should also be noted that the current Scotia set a new bench mark for quiet research vessels. In fact so quiet that it became the I.C.E.S. (International Council for the Exploration of the Seas) standard. This also one of the reasons that the current Scotia has been copied by so many countries all over the world, and that her good design has been incorporated into some of the largest and most prestigious research vessels .
Why was the Explorer powered by a triple expansion steam engine when contemporary trawlers were being powered by diesel engines? This is a question which has vexed us here at the SSEPS for years. A couple of bits of information have revealed themselves over the past few days which give rise to a theory.
First of all, in John Dunn’s “Herring Larval Blog” below, it is clear that it was necessary for Explorer to steam at slow speeds of considerably less than 5kts for some tasks.
Second, her slipway companion Sir William Hardy (Subsequently Rainbow Warrior), a research ship being built for the Ministry of Agriculture and Food for the same purpose as Explorer was fitted with diesel electric propulsion.
Contemporary trawlers were fitted with medium speed geared diesels. A Diesel engine of course has a minimum tick over speed which means that the ship it is propelling has a minimum cruising speed. This will vary a bit, but I would estimate it to be four to five knots. This would make low speed tasks difficult to impossible.
So I am theorising that Explorer and the Sir William Hardy were built with machinery which would comfortably cruise at speeds of one or two knots. The Scottish Office conservatively opting for a traditional steam plant. The MAFF being more adventurous and fitting the first diesel electric plant in a trawler. This adventurous decision would bite them on the bum for a while as inevitably with new technology, there were teething problems.
“During the trials it was found that insufficient air was entering the engine-room when the propulsive machinery was operating at normal power. There has been a six months’ delay due to this. The cost of the additions to the ventilation will be about £3,000. I am afraid it is impossible to assess the cost of the delay in the use of the vessel.”
Herring larval surveys on Explorer
One of the jobs which the Explorer did regularly throughout her service career were surveys in the North Sea and up and down the West Coast trying to determine the potential density of herring. It is almost impossible to overstate how important the herring was and indeed still is to the Scottish fishing community and economy. This seasonal fish shoaled in massive numbers off the English and Scottish coasts within easy reach of coastal communities who in the early years would sail or even row out and set their drift nets to catch this rich bounty. The fish move up and down in the water column chasing their food , which are copedods, in fact it is the oil in the copepods which make herring and mackerel oily. The copepods move up in the water column at night to feed on phytoplankton, and then back down in daylight to avoid being eaten by predators. This is what made the herring relatively easy to catch, the drift nets were just like long curtains of net hanging from the surface and down to about six to eight feet. The fish chasing their food simply blundered into the net and got caught by the gills as they tried to back out.
In the early days of the larval surveys they used to use one meter ring nets which were made of silk, however these were extremely vulnerable to damage , and the ship had to tow them very slowly to avoid splitting them.
Later developments included the Bridger Gulf three which had a monel metal mesh cone inside it , and was less prone to damage, but the biggest advantage to the ship was that it could be towed at five knots which meant a huge saving in time and meant that larger areas could be covered than before.
Subsequent developments were the Aberdeen version of the Dutch Gulf three which was made of Aluminium and had a tightly stretched polyester net inside it on a frame which could easily be taken out to allow it to be washed down and cleaned. These high speed samplers were nicknamed the bomb by the crew, who never knew them as Gulf three high speed samplers.
The sample once collected up aft was taken down to the plankton lab, basically the sink in the dry lab. It was then washed into a jar glass originally and then plastic in the later years, the scientific label was written out in pencil, recording all the details of where and when the sample was taken, this was then popped inside the jar, ensuring that it would not be lost or rubbed off. A dilution of formalin was added to the sample to preserve it, and then it was set aside in a wooden box below the bench. In between sample stations sample jars which had sat for at least forty eight hours were opened and the contents poured out into shallow glass dishes with a black plastic board below them. This was to allow scientific staff to pick out the herring larvae which now preserved had turned white. They were just like white threads with little black eyes, eggs which had also turned white were also picked out. This was a tedious and smelly job, as despite the preserved sample having been washed out using a fine mesh bag over the sink the sample still retained formalin and as an angle poise lamp was often used to illuminate the dish this also caused the fumes to rise off the dish. However it did ensure that a reasonably accurate estimation of the potential stock abundance was obtained fairly quickly.
Pitfalls of this type of sampling were that you had to use a set of tables which had been worked out to give the winch man instruction as to how much wire to pay out. This of course if everything was perfect mean that you could get quite close to the bottom and back again without hitting the bottom. However if the ship’s speed was slower than that expected the net sank faster, with disastrous consequences. If the winch man had not reset the mechanical warp counter on the winch or if indeed the counter wheel was not turning properly , could mean you had way more wire out than you thought again with serious consequences.
When high speed samplers were introduced all of these sampling problems were made even worse as the ship was now moving more quickly and therefore everything happened faster and with even more alarming consequences.
This meant that close collaboration between the scientists , bridge officers and the winch man were essential to ensure that the survey was carried out without serious damage or loss of equipment.
Despite the same internationally agreed survey lines, stations and areas being used year after year, it could be very tricky to obtain good samples. The bridge officer had to watch the echo sounders , and the ships speed ,also ensure that he towed the nets or samplers on a course he knew would avoid underwater peaks obstructions etc. This was not always possible as generally we towed into the tide and wind, as the ship could be more easily kept to a constant speed. The scientists had to be aware of where they were in the survey and prepare for emergency action to be taken if a peak suddenly appeared on the bottom. Ironically trying to pull the net or sampler in quickly had the opposite effect as the depressor or weight would bite into the water and actually take the net or sampler straight into the bottom, so stopping paying out wire and then slowly starting to recover it was the best way to avoid hitting the bottom, but required experience and a certain degree of bravado.
Variants of these high speed samplers are still used to this day in larval surveys, however quite sophisticated electronic devices are now used which can identify and count individual fish in a shoal as well as estimate the number in the entire shoal.
As told by Jim Duff. A bit out of date but interesting if you like ships. To see the blog properly, click the pop out icon at the top right.
First job of the day was Jim preparing sandwiches for our distinguished visitors. Muggins here spent a couple of hours removing corrosion from the smokebox prior to carrying out a boiler survey on Tuesday. Going by the condition of the smokebox, it doesn’t look good, but I shall dive inside on Tuesday armed with a torch, a camera and a good bit of swatting up on Scotch Boilers and they’re defects.
Mucky job. Yuck.
We then entertained and toured a small group of visitors led by Eric and Maxine Reynolds, chairman of the SS Robin Trust. We harvested some good information in exchange for tea, coffee and sandwiches.
I discovered a box of documents which appears to have been beamed onto the ship from some unknown source. Alan Hush, our document geek is going to give it a good bit of attention on Tuesday however, I thought these photos might be of interest to any plankton geeks out there.
Larger versions at the bottom of the In Service gallery. The Blog page doesn’t seem to allow them to embiggen.
The crew of the SS Explorer would like to extend our thoughts and sympathy to the friends and relatives of Duncan MacDougall and Przemek Krawczyk who are missing after the Tarbert fishing vessel Nancy Glen foundered in Loch Fyne on Thursday 18th January.
Yesterday we welcomed George Wood who came all the way from Aberdeen by bus to visit the Explorer. His father was a Chief Engineer on-board. George tells us that when the ship was doing research on currents and tides the Explorer used to deploy buoys with tags on them. When they were subsequently gathered in and brought back to Aberdeen with the required data the tags were taken from the buoys. George would go down to the Explorer and his dad would gave him the tags to take up to the Torry labs and that was one of the ways he earned his pocket money.
For around twenty years, the Edinburgh Dock in The Port Of Leith has been home to the SS Explorer. I suspect none of the volunteers on the SS Explorer realise how much the dock has changed over the years. I certainly didn’t. One of the potential plans for a permanent berth for Explorer was the Alexandra Dock. This aspiration has been quashed by the discovery that the boutique hotel ship Fingle has acquired this berth. Searching for alternatives we looked at the graving dock inside the Edinburgh Dock. The Edinburgh Dock is an unloved and neglected part of the Port of Leith. But in days of yore, it was busy and largely home to Leith’s Trawling Fleet.. We at the SSEPS have a germ of an unattainable idea of berthing the SS Explorer in the graving dock, and heaven forbid, transforming the adjacent Victorian dock shed into a Port of Leith Maritime and Heritage Museum. The dock shed was once part of a pair, it’s sister having been demolished, presumably when part of the dock was “reclaimed”. Wouldn’t it be great to save and repurpose this pigeon roost at this neglected end of Leith. Please spread the word, share and generally get the word out if you agree.
Enjoy our “Then”
I came across this document during a trawl (gerrit?) of the internet for FRV Explorer stories. It describes one aspect of Explorer’s (And FRVs Clupea and Mara) research and although it contains some hard sums, there are also some pretty drawings. Enjoy.
Some cleaning and water damage repairs were carried out today but the main task was to clear the starboard fish room with a view to descaling and painting in the hope of converting into a workshop/storage area. It had developed into a bit of a dumping area for all sorts of rubbish.
Some large pieces of electrical equipment which were obscured have been identified as a shore power transformer, a rectifier and battery charger and a battery storage cabinet. They look like they might not be original equipment.
After our labours, Chairman Andy and I went over to have a nose at the Royal Nore which is on the quayside of the Edinburgh Dock. She is a 61ft Royal and Diplomatic yacht built for the Port of London Authority and recently gifted to the Britannia Trust. We were given a tour of the yacht by the staff and found the accommodation to comprise a 16 cover dining table, and impressive galley and a large observation lounge. You can see her here and here.
By Jim Duff
Radio Room Clock
RADIO ROOM CLOCKS
The sinking of the Titanic resulted in the Radio Act of 1912 that required 24-hour radio watches. The disaster also led to clocks in the newer radio rooms featuring three-minute periods marked in red. That three minutes provided a silent period when only emergency radio messages could be transmitted.
First: where does it come from?
It all started quite some time ago, the early days of radio communication, and it has to do with maritime radiotelephone communication in distress situations on the typical marine MF bands: the 2182 and 500 KHz international bands for emergency and distress. In fact the sinking of the “RMS TITANIC” triggered a lot of safety rules and this is believed to be one of them.
Why a radio silence period?
This allowed any station with distress, urgent or safety traffic the best chance of being heard at that time, even if they were at some distance from other stations, operating on reduced battery power or perhaps reduced antenna efficiency, as for example from a dismasted vessel.
All stations using 2182 KHz were required to maintain a strictly enforced three-minute silence and listening period twice each hour, starting at h+00, h+30.
As a visual aide-memoire, a typical clock in a ship's radio room (see picture) would have these silence periods marked by shading the sectors from h+00 to h+03 and from h+30 to h+33 in green.
Similar sectors were marked in red for what used to be the corresponding silence and listening period on 500 KHz between h+15 and h+18 and from h+45 to h+48.
This frequency was used for Morse Code signalling – and is not generally used today.
It is marked in red on the dial, clearly and forcibly calling attention to the radio operator thereto, are the two 3 minute silent periods which must be observed by all radio stations at 15 and 45 minutes past each hour."
"The dial has accurate 4 second marks in red around the outside edge, over which the sweep seconds hand passes, enabling the radio operator to accurately transmit the 4 second alarm signal provided by the International Telecommunication Convention and the International Conference on Safety of Life at Sea." Mayday Mayday Mayday …---…
Modern ships use the Digital Selective calling system (G,M,D,S,S,) – which do not require listening periods as messages are delivered electronically to a consul in the Radio Room.
Topping up the diesel daily use tank was a laborious task involving 20 minutes on a semi rotary hand pump. Andy, our illustrious chairman was undertaking this task today when he noticed this.
So we fired up the harbour generator, opened the appropriate valves and gave it a go. And it worked! 20 minutes later this happened. (It’s the daily use tank overflow sight glass)
With no manual labour. Sorted!
Popped down to check the moorings given 50kt gusts off the berth. All secure. 👍
Festive buffet on the SS Explorer today courtesy of Jim Duff. Sorry to have missed this alcohol fuelled extravaganza. 🍷😜🤪
Our own John Dunn narrates this short documentary about the FRV Scotia’s, one of Explorer’s successors role in marine research.
Jim and Maggie busy cleaning the labs today. I laid a bit more anti slip netting before skiving off for a tour of the Apache II pipe-laying vessel, one of our neighbours. I think Explorer could pretty much fit in Apache’s navigating bridge.
After that back to help Charlie fit a lamp in the aft workshop. Wiring and socket to be installed.
Liberated various items from the Vos Raasay and the Vos Islay which are being broken up in Leith Docks. Various light fittings, cleaning chemicals, lifebuoys and sundry other items. Thanks to Dale marine for allowing us to scrounge.
Must be close to a record with ten volunteers on the SS Explorer today.
A fair bit of cabin cleaning achieved today.
Also the port side ladder to the boat deck was welded on with our new welding machine. The ladder has been awaiting this for more than two years!
At the weekend some mesh was laid on the starboard side of the main deck as it was extremely slippery when wet. Another 5 metre roll to be fitted next weekend to complete the job.
Today we had a new carpet laid in the saloon which is now looking very plush.
After hosting a visit on Explorer by crew members of the pipe laying vessel Apache II, they responded in kind by hosting a tour of their vessel.
A wee poppy on the dockside. Also Explorer moved a metre north to keep new gangway clear of the Armco barriers.
Courtesy Rob Newman. Thanks to Chris Claydon.
After much searching we believe that water leakage into the mess room and engine room is largely originating from the corroded base of this ventilator. So in accordance with merchant navy tradition it will be repaired temporarily with a cement box. Photographed is Jim’s shutter joinery skills.
A couple of DC lights in our rapidly improving saloon were not working so fuses found blown along with a couple of lamps. One dark lamp remaining to fix.
One of the pieces of Explorer’s history which we thought we lacked photos of were the lay-up years in the Cromarty Firth. Today we noticed this beauty hanging as dressing in one of the cabins. Interesting to note what appears to be a large water tank on the monkey island and a large air compressor on the foredeck. The magnetic compass binnacle is missing at that point too. I wonder what the date of the photograph is.
A plan was devised to stop the worst water ingress from rain. (we hope!). An engine room ventilator is badly perforated around the base, but the water doesn’t seem to be directly ingressing there so the smart money is on it travelling through nefarious routes to spread around the engine room. The plan is to build a cement box around the base to stop the leaking until a dockyard repair can be effected.
A modest turn out for the society’s Annual General Meeting.
Attending were: front row left to right Charlie Blyth, Bob Harley, Andy Marjoribanks, Colin Williamson, Derek Learmont.
Back row, Alan Hush, Jim Duff, Cron Mackay, Simon Sawers, Brian Murdoch, Alastair Goodman, Emma Fraser and Bill Fallon.
The Society had a presence at both these events over two weekends raising the profile and a wee bit of money.
Caravan all packed up for the trip to Castle Fraser tomorrow. First thing in the morning I’ll be picking up the newly designed posters and fliers that have been designed by Deborah Mullen DEBORAH-MULLEN.COM
Meeting up with Brian on Saturday to man the Explorer stand and hopefully attract some followers and sponsors.
Weather’s looking super for the rally so all’s looking good.
A busy day on the Explorer. Ingress from the storm last week had brought the bilge levels up.
So two of our pumps were rigged in series to take the bilge water to a slop tank.
Charlie made progress on the mate’s cabin deck light.
And a major leak was attended to in the mess room deckhead. This had previously been covered in a tarpaulin so we weren’t sure what lurked beneath. It turns out that very serious corrosion was hidden below and permanent repairs will be expensive.
As an interim, the metal was cleaned up as well as possible and plastic sheeting laid over sealed with mastic.
A quiet Saturday on the Explorer. Mooring lines a bit slack so tensioned up.
Inspection of the ship after this revealed serious water ingress from the recent rain into the mate’s cabin through the decklight. The decklight has been removed along with the rotten wood in it’s cofferdam. Covered up but fairly urgent requirement to replace the wood and the decklight as any heavy rain will run under the cover into the cabin.
All that rain on Tuesday (60mm+) revealed a few leaks in the superstructure – one behind the Ruston powered harbour generator sounded like Niagra – even above the noise of the generator. Andy found a scuppers drain pipe that was blocked and another that seemed to have a completely bust pipe. The first was cleared resulting in a rush of water from the side deck and out of the pipe outlet on the side of the hull. The other pipe was plugged with a bung. The result was to reduce “Niagra” to a few drips – success!
Now if this sounds a little banal, that may be because most of what I do for Explorer is administrative and that does not give rise to exciting things about which to write. So I have used this little event as a practice subject for my very first addition to the ship’s blog.
A bit of time has passed since the last blog but things are progressing.
The AC generator has been problematic with AVR issues eventually solved and then a persistent over speeding issue which is hopefully now solved.
A lot of internal cosmetic work has been carried out by various members, including repairing the mess room bench, cleaning up the hospital and finally some progress on the deck lights.
Ten sacrificial zinc anodes have been “dangled” around the hull to arrest corrosion which will inevitably be eating at the hull. It is unlikely that any anodes remain from the last docking twenty or so years ago.
The Society now has a Patron in the Office of the Lord Provost of Edinburgh.
A lot of other administrative and recruiting tasks have taken place in the background.
A number of members have undergone a “First Aid in the Workplace” course and are duly certified.
Most of the decklights have been refurbished and refitted making the ship a bit more weatherproof.
AC generator has been behaving itself over the last four weeks so fingers crossed it is now reliable. It was also recently serviced.
Work is in progress to get the saloon up to standard with various bits of joinery being carried out.
Four fluorescent light fittings have been installed in the messroom, galley and passageways giving much better and safer lighting.
Large amounts of rubbish have been removed from the quayside adjacent to the Explorer to improve the general appearance.
A stall was manned in the Leith Custom House on Saturday 29th April to raise the Explorer’s profile locally and hopefully recruit some new members.
The ship’s complement of fire extinguishers have been replaced with new equipment.
General decluttering and cleaning accomplished. Hopefully with the onset of summer the chipping and painting of the ship’s hull will soon resume.
Dog repairs continue. New surplus vent trunking on deck dismantled to make tidy. Galley cooker work continues. Two floodlights installed in ER. Further work to do. Fire detector fitted at ER entrance. Further detector to be installed above AC gen. Fire extinguishers restowed in accordance with advice received.
Our thanks to Technip and the crew of the MV Orelia. Orelia is currently de-equipping in Leith prior to her last voyage to be dismantled. The Company and the Chief Engineer have been kind enough to allow the SS Explorer to repurpose and recycle some of their stores. Among other things, our engine room will be better lit and our hull will be better protected against corrosion. Many many thanks Orelia.
Director’s “Away Day”
Whiteboards and scones and resolving the life of SS Explorer.
Port fresh water tank partially filled to improve list and trim of vessel.
Ballast tank vented and inspected.
Galley floor cooker base screeded. Still to complete.
Work on tidying quayside continues.
Work on hatch dogs continues.
Forepeak ventilated and inspected. Approx 100kg of debris (corrosion and cement) removed. Tank filled with fresh water.
Work started on securing hatch dogs.
Alternator room bilges dried out and various wet packaging and debris removed.